How to Choose

Choosing the Right Mattress

A mattress is a major purchase that can and will affect your health. Remember, you spend one third of your life on your mattress! There are many mattress types and sizes of mattresses, so do your homework before you shop. Here are some of the telltale signs that you need a new mattress:

  • You wake up with stiffness, numbness, or aches
  • You get a better night’s sleep anywhere but in your bed 
  • Your mattress shows visible signs of wear (it’s dipping, has lumps, the interior is exposed, etc.)
  • Your mattress is more than 7 years old

Research your options before you buy, choose the right mattress size & mattress type that will suit your individual needs.


Size & Dimensions

Most modern beds are one of five sizes: single (twin), double (full), queen, king, or California king.

Mattress sizes may vary slightly so it’s best to measure your bed frame and your current mattress and have the dimensions handy when you shop. In general standard mattress measurements are:

  • Twin (Single): 39” wide x 75” long
  • Full (Double) : 54” wide by 75” long
  • Queen: 60” wide by 80” long
  • King: 76” wide by 80” long
  • California king: 72” wide by 84” long


You should also measure the size of your bedroom, as you may decide to upgrade to a larger bed size and mattress. Keep in mind that you need to be able to fully open dresser, armoire or desk drawers so allow the extra room


Box springs are available in the same sizes as above along with split sizes for Fulls and Queens.  While mattresses are somewhat bendable, box springs are not.  For tight spaces, staircases or winding areas, split size box springs are recommended.

 Split Size Box Springs

  • Full (Double) : 27” wide by 75” long (2 pieces)
  • Queen: 30” wide by 80” long (2 pieces)


Mattress Types


An innerspring mattress uses a steel coil support system. Manufacturers offer several different types of spring systems, including units with springs connected into a single unit and individually wrapped pocketed coils. Spring shapes, designs, coil gauge, and number of coils in a mattress can vary. The innerspring is covered by padding or upholstery materials, which can include various foams, fiber, and additional layers of smaller steel springs. Coil count can be more arbitrary, so don’t be fooled into thinking the more coils the better the mattress.

Foam Mattress:

Foam mattresses use one or more types of foam as the support system. The foam may be polyurethane foam, memory (or visco elastic) foam, or latex foam, and can contain gel or other materials. The foam used in such mattresses can be manufactured in a variety of shapes and densities to offer consumers a mattress that has different comfort, feel and heat dissipation features

 Hybrid Mattress:

 A hybrid mattress combines a steel coil support system with one or more types of foam, such as polyurethane foam, memory (or visco elastic) foam, or latex foam, as well as foams that contain gel or other materials.